Field Activities

       Situation Analysis
      Situation analysis is a type of short research that is primarily based on existing data. The main objective is to describe the situation of a selected health problem by using surveillance data, surveys, research or even studies from other countries to explain the magnitude, trend, populations at risk and also risk factors of the health problem. In addition, other factors that influence the occurrence (or prevention) of the disease is also described (e.g. measles and vaccine coverage, hepatitis B virus infection and STIs, condom use or vaccine coverage in infants, etc.). By looking at these situations in a comprehensive way, a trainee should be able to give recommendations for improvement or if the issue is a priority that requires further study. If the selected disease was already well described by someone else, the trainee might select a specific aspect to study. (See example at Appendix C)

      To gain skills in data analysis and interpretation of existing data by quantitative epidemiological methods, in order to answer specific questions or give recommendations to solve public health problems. Recommendations to improve surveillance are also encouraged.

      - Choose a topic to study with approval from country advisor/supervisor and FETP advisor. This topic should be a priority disease of the country or the study area.
      - Develop a proposal which includes the following headings:           1. Title           2. Background (rationale to choose this topic, how important it is)           3. Objective           4. Methods           5. Time table           6. Budget           7. Expected outcome           8. References
      - Present the proposal at the end of the first component, before trainees return to their country (usually around the first week of August)
      - Collect and analyze data according to the plan, under supervision of country technical advisor and FETP advisor.
      - Write a draft report and prepare a presentation before the January seminar of the following year.
      - Present results in the January seminar at the training center (January 2015)
      - Submit the final report within one month after presentation. The topics for the report include the following:           1. Title           2. Abstract           3. Background           4. Objectives           5. Methods           6. Results           7. Discussion and recommendations           8. Acknowledgements           9. References           10. Appendix